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The Evolution of Vocational Education in Former Soviet Countries


Nicholas Kelley, Evaluator, Educational Credential Evaluators (ECE)

Karen Krug, Research & Knowledge Management Evaluator, Educational Credential Evaluators (ECE)

Olivea Dodson, Senior Evaluator, Transcript Research 

Event and Date:

TAICEP Annual Conference 2021

October 25, 2021 - November 19, 2021


Does a middle level professional diploma from Armenia represent secondary or post-secondary education? What about a professional college diploma from Uzbekistan? During the time of the Soviet Union, education at a technical or specialized school was uniformly considered secondary level. Over the last 30 years, however, the different republics that once made up the Soviet Union have developed different policies for their vocational sector of education. For some, it is still on the same level as general secondary education. For others, this sector has been made part of higher education by law. And then there are the grey areas in between. So how do you determine whether such a program might be equivalent to post-secondary credit or not? This session examines similarities and differences in the vocational education systems of several former Soviet countries and provides guidelines to determine whether each can be considered secondary, post-secondary, or both.  

TAICEP members can view the session recording on the TAICEP website.

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