“British Qualifications: A Complete Guide to Professional, Vocational & Academic Qualifications in the United Kingdom, 39th Edition” [Kogan Page Limited, 120 Pentonville Road, London N1 9JN, England; www.koganpage.com (alternate address: 525 South 4 Street, #241, Philadelphia PA 19147 USA)], 1,049 pages, 2009, provides detailed information concerning academic and professional qualifications awarded by educational institutions and professional associations.
“British Vocational Qualifications: A Directory of Vocational Qualifications Available in the United Kingdom, 11th Edition” [Kogan Page Limited, 120 Pentonville Road, London N1 9JN, England; www.koganpage.com (alternate address: 525 South 4 Street, #241, Philadelphia PA 19147 USA)], 329 pages, 2009, provides information concerning vocational qualifications awarded by colleges of further education, professional associations, and examining boards.
“OECD Thematic Review of Tertiary Education,” a project conducted from 2004 to 2008 by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, produced a number of print-on-demand publications that are available from OECD Publishing [www.oecd.org/publishing], including publications on Croatia (110 pages), Estonia (113 pages), Iceland (114 pages), Mexico (161 pages), Netherlands (138 pages), New Zealand (124 pages), and Poland (152 pages). They provide general background information concerning tertiary education policies.
W E B S I T E S A N D E M A I L A D D R E S S E S
http://www.edexcel.com/quals/igcse/igcse09/Pages/default.aspx - for information concerning the International General Certificate of Secondary Education [IGCSE] examinations administered by Edexcel.
http://www.cie.org.uk/qualifications/academic/middlesec/igcse/subjects - for information concerning the International General Certificate of Secondary Education [IGCSE] examinations administered by University of Cambridge International Examinations.
http://www.ugc.ac.in/inside/fakealerts.html - for a list of fake universities provided by the University Grants Commission in India.
http://www.kcce.or.kr/guide/viewer/English.pdf - for information concerning the educational system of Korea provided by the Korean Council for College Education, including links to the Web sites of 148 colleges (in Korean, with options in English for some).
Baranovichi State University, a public institution in Baranovichi, was established in 2004.
Escola Alfredo Nasser de Ensino Superior (Alfredo Nasser School of Higher Education), a private institution established in 2000, was renamed Faculdade Alfredo Nasser (Alfredo Nasser Faculty) in 2005.
Faculdade de Ciencias Contabeis e Atuarials de Alta Noroeste (Faculty of Accounting and Actuarial Sciences of the Upper Northeast), a private institution established in 1974, was renamed Centro Universitario Catolico Salesiano Auxilium (Catholic Salesian Auxilium University Center) in 2005.
Fundacao Rosmar Pimental (Rosmar Pimental Foundation), a private institution established in 1967, was renamed Centro Universitario Geraldo Di Biase (Geraldo Di Biase University Center) in 2005.
Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali, a public institution in Gadong, was established in 2007.
Sea to Sky University, a private institution established in British Columbia in 2002, was renamed Quest University Canada on 18 October 2005.
University Canada West, a private institution in British Columbia, was established on 9 August 2004.
Centro Colombo Americano de Cartagena, a private institution established in 1961, was renamed Fundacion Universitaria Colombo Internacional in 2006.
Escuela Latinoamericana de Ciencias Medicas, established in Havana March 1999 and since renamed Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina, has branches in Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, and Villa Clara. The first students enrolled in September 1999 and graduated on 20 August 2005. Students have been admitted from 28 countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and Latin America, and from the United States (beginning in Spring 2001).
Pole Universitaire de Djibouti, established in 2000, was renamed Universite de Djibouti in 2006.
Dominica State College, a public institution, was established in 2002 via merger of four specialized institutions.
Arba Minch Water Technology Institute, a public institution established in Arba Minch in 1986, was renamed Arba Minch University in 2004.
Caucasus School of Business, a private institution established in Tbilisi in 1998, was renamed Kavkasiis Universiteti (Caucasus University) in 2004.
Ilia Cavcavadze State University in Tbilisi was established in 2006 via merger of Tbilisi Ilia Cavcavadze State University of Languages and Culture (established in 1948) and Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State Pedagogical University (established in 1935).
Tbilisis Ilia Vekuas Sakhelobis Instituti (Tbilisis Ilia Vekua Institute), a private institution in Tbilisi, was established in 2006.
Thomason College of Civil Engineering, established in 1847, was expanded and renamed University of Roorkee in 1949. It was renamed Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee on 21 September 2001.
Mizoram University, established in 2000, began functioning on 2 July 2001.
Jaypee University of Information Technology, a private institution in Wagnaghat, District Solan, Himachal Pradesh, was established by an act of the Government of Himachal Pradesh on 23 May 2002. It has three constituent centers: Jaypee Institute of Engineering and Technology, in Guna, Madhya Pradesh; Jaypee Institute of Information Technology University, in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, (formerly known as Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, it was deemed to be a university on 1 November 2004); and Jaypee Business School (also located in Noida), a division of Jaypee Institute of Information Technology University.
Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University (in Jammu and Kashmir) was established on 19 August 2004.
In 1964, nine vocational higher schools offered five-year programs for graduates of junior high school (who had completed nine years of primary-secondary education).
In 1970, the vocational higher schools were upgraded to professional schools offering two-year and three-year programs for graduates of senior high school (who had completed twelve years of primary-secondary education). There were then 26 schools.
In 1979, the professional schools were renamed colleges. A preliminary examination was now required for admission. There were then 127 colleges.
In 1997, the colleges were authorized to award an associate degree.
In 2007, the colleges were authorized to award a bachelor’s degree. There are now 148 colleges. Most are named “college.” Some are named “institute.” Some use “university” on their Web sites.
Gimhae College (in Gimhae-si, Gyeongnam) was established in 2005.
Woongji Accounting and Tax College (in Paju-si, Gyeonggi-do) was established in 2004.
Evropski Univerzitet vo Republika Makedonija (European University of the Republic of Macedonia), a private institution in Skopje, was established in 2005 via expansion of a Faculty of Social Science established in 2001.
Fon Univerzitet, a private institution in Skopje, was formerly part of Evropski Univerzitet vo Republika Makedonija (European University of the Republic of Macedonia).
Megjunaroden Balkanski Univerzitet (International Balkan University), a private institution established in Skopje in 2006, was officially recognized in 2007.
Univerzitet Amerikanski Koledz Skopje (University American College in Skopje), a private institution established in 2005, was officially recognized in 2006.
Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences, a private institution in Selangor, was established in 2005.
Inti College Malaysia, a private institution established in Negeri Sembilan in 1986, was renamed Inti International University in 2006.
Sunway College, a private institution established in Petaling Jaya in 1987, was renamed Sunway University College in 2004.
Wawasan Open University College, a private institution established in Penang in July 2005, was renamed Universiti Terbuka Wawasan (Wawasan Open University) in July 2006. The first students enrolled in January 2007.
California International Business University (in San Diego, California) is not listed in “2007-2008 Accredited Institutions of Postsecondary Education,” a publication of the American Council on Education.
Vietnamese-German University (Vietnamesisch Deutsche Universitat), a public institution, was established in Ho Chi Minh City on 29 February 2008 with assistance from the Government of Germany and from the German Academic Exchange Service [DAAD]. The first students enrolled on 20 October 2008. The language of instruction is English. An obligatory Foundation Year (to improve study skills, to improve English proficiency to IELTS 6.0, and to introduce German academic culture and standards) leads to a three-year bachelor’s degree program in engineering following the German model. The degree requires 180 ECTS. In the future, degree programs in banking and finance, tourism management, health management, and nursing will be added.