New Credit and Grading System at Kazakhstani Higher Education Institutions

The transition from the traditional centralized specialist degree system toward the three-tiered system of bachelor, master, and doctoral degrees, commenced in mid 1990s has led to further reforms leading to the introduction of the "credit technology" system inspired by the European Bologna Process reforms. In the new credit-based system students are to have greater flexibility and mobility in making their program and course choices. In addition, student work is to be measured in credit points and assessed on a new four-point grading scale. 

First recommendations towards the credit system reforms put forth in 2002 resulted in a number of experimental projects leading to the revision of the "Law on Education" on 27 July 2007 detailing the new educational process concepts and standards. The newest regulations on the organization of the credit-based study process, formulated by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan on 20 April 2011, describe the new four-point grading scale and the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) where one year of full-time study represents 60.00 ECTS credits.

 

Four-point grading scale:

Letter Grade

         GPA Points Percentile Grade         Traditional System Grade

 

ECTS Grade

 

A

4,00

95-100

Excellent

A

A-

3,67

90-94

B+

3,33

85-89

Good

B

B

3,00

80-84

 Good

C

B-

2,67

75-79

C+

2,33

70-74

Satisfactory

C

2,00*

65-69

 Satisfactory

D

C-

1,67

60-64

D+

1,33

55-59

D

1,00

50-54

 Satisfactory

E

F

0

0-49

Fail

FX, F

 

* 2.00 GPA required for graduation

 

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