The current system of quality assurance in Romanian higher education is based on Law nr. 88 "concerning the accreditation of higher education institutions and the acknowledgment of diplomas" which was promulgated by the Parliament of Romania on December 17, 1993. The law formulated a two-step process towards institutional accreditation.
An institution seeking degree-granting recognition must first obtain the "authorization for provisional functioning" which ensures the institution's right to operate and to organize entrance examinations. Such provisionally functioning institution may further seek accreditation of individual programs of study (specialties), however the final degree examination (examenul de licenta) must be administered by another institution which holds full accreditation status. Once the provisionally functioning institution obtains full "institutional accreditation", as confirmed by a proper legislative act, it may begin to graduate its own students and award degrees in its own name.
As of 2005 the responsibility for programmatic and institutional evaluation in higher education is in the hands of the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (Agentia Romana de Asigurare a Calitatii in Învatamantul Superior) (ARACIS).