In 2020, New Zealand instituted a reform of their vocational education and training (VET) system to better serve hitherto under-served groups of learners, such as Māori, Pacific peoples, and learners with disabilities or special learning needs. Another goal of the reform is to better meet the needs of employers.
Part of the reform included unifying VET throughout the country by establishing New Zealand Institute of Skills and Technology (NZIST) as a national network of VET. NZIST is now known as Te Pūkenga.
VET has up to now been offered by a variety of providers, including Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics (ITPs) and Industry Training Organizations (ITOs). With the reform, the 16 existing ITPs, instead of being separate institutions, have now become subsidiaries of Te Pūkenga. The ITOs have become transitional ITOs, as their role in workplace learning is being transferred to Te Pūkenga and other education organizations. This transition is expected to last from April 2020 to December 2022.
In the meantime, VET continues to be offered through the subsidiary ITPs and transitional ITOs. These providers will continue to use their current name on their qualifications.